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Author name: Sam Lyons

A Standard crosshair with "diamond" reticle vs. a Duplex Reticle

In Praise of the Duplex Reticle

The first documented telescopic rifle sight was invented between 1835 and 1840. Since then, there have been numerous advances and improvements in the devices we commonly referred to as “rifle scopes.” The first telescopic sights were made with a single magnification level, usually included a simple crosshair, and were often in excess of 3 feet long.

Today, the most common rifle scope sold is still the variable magnification scope in 3X to 9X and includes either a simple fine crosshair or duplex reticle.

A Standard crosshair with "diamond" reticle vs. a Duplex Reticle

A Standard crosshair with “diamond” reticle vs. a Duplex Reticle

Noted firearms writer, Richard Mann, recently penned an article with some well-researched statistics regarding rifle scopes. (Find it here

Despite all the advances in rifles, bullets, and optics, over the past 150 years or so, The average shot a hunter takes at big game is still under 200 yards.

There are many folks out there that would have no issues taking that shot with traditional fixed metal sights. 

The average magnification used for these shots was between 5 and 6X.

What this means is that for your typical hunter or outdoorsman, the vast majority of rifle scopes on the market today are both over-magnified and over-complicated based on their needs.

Maximum Point Blank Range

Maximum point blank range is the maximum distance you can hit a game-sized vital area with the same aiming point. The typical, big game rifle sided in at 3 inches high at 100 yards has a maximum point blank range of between 300 and 350 yards, depending on ballistics and trajectory.

What this means is that anything beyond a simple crosshair would be considered superfluous up to that range. It is also well beyond the 200 yards that is the average shot taken at big game across all species and across all continents. 

Use of more complicated reticles requires some study and a great deal of practice to use them to their potential.

Use of more complicated reticles requires some study and a great deal of practice to use them to their potential.

The Advantages of a Duplex Reticle


In most circumstances, the simpler the rifle scope is, the less it weighs. That means that a 3X to 9X rifle scope with fine or duplex crosshairs, a 1-inch diameter tube, and a 40 mm objective will weigh less (and, often, SUBSTANTIALLY less) than a rifle with a 34 mm tube, adjustable turrets, parallax adjustment knobs, and a 50 to 55 mm objective lens. 


The lack of additional machining, parts, and the sheer amount of materials necessary to manufacture each of these scopes also means that all else being equal, a scope with a simple crosshair and 1-inch tube will cost less, and, sometimes, substantially less, than one with a larger tube, objective lens, detailed and/or complicated reticle, and multiple adjustment knobs. 


There is a lot less knowledge of things like wind drift, bullet drop, precise distance, and adjustments with a simpler scope shooting at the majority of big-game shot distances.

Ponder these two similar scenarios…

You are glassing from a high vantage point in the mountain west when, suddenly, the buck of a lifetime steps out into an opening in the brush. He is following some does throughout the cover and you know you may only have a second or two to take your shot. You quickly reach for your rangefinder and discover the distance is 229 yards. You glance at your ballistics table taped to the rifle of your stock and determine you need to turn your top adjustment knob four clicks to the left, adjust your parallax from 100 to 200 yards, then set your rifle on a stable rest such as a set of shooting sticks or, at minimum, your pack, in order to have a steady aim and fire. As your eye comes into alignment with the scope, you see the deer‘s hind legs disappearing in the brush to the right, never to be seen again.

Now imagine the same situation with a simple rifle scope that has a duplex-type reticle in it.

You glass that same buck in the same scenario and estimate the distance to be “about 200 yards.“ You throw your rifle onto the shooting sticks. The duplex reticle inside the scope draws your vision immediately to the fine cross-hair center. You then take careful him, let out half a breath, and fire, because you know that your rifle will make an ethical shot on that animal anywhere from 25 to 300+ yards. The buck leaps straight into the air, signaling to you that you have made a solid hit. Based on the area you were aiming at behind the buck’s front shoulder, you are confident that you hit him in a vital area. You walk to the area the buck was standing, find his tracks, see bright red blood with some bubbles in it look in the direction the buck was traveling and see him lying motionless approximately 30 yards away.

By all means, if you want to purchase the latest, greatest, gigantic rifle scope that allows you to precisely shoot out past a half mile and more, by all means, feel free to do so.

I prefer simplicity whenever I am in the field, and find myself most often reaching for my trusty deer rifle with a 3 to 9X scope.

Top 3 Best Ruger 10/22 Magazines [Updated 2022]

There aren’t many firearms that are more fun to learn with and shoot than the Ruger 10/22 .22LR rifle.

It’s one of the most versatile rimfire rifles ever made, perfect for everything from taking small game to a fun afternoon of plinking at cans, balloons, and paper targets. Many learned how to shoot on this legendary platform (my two sons and daughter included).

Whether you’re heading out into the field, or just to the local range, you want to spend as much time as you can pulling the trigger and learning/teaching the foundations…not loading magazines. That’s why it’s a really good idea to have plenty of reliable 10/22 magazines on hand and loaded to best maximize your time behind the gun.

The key, though, is to buy quality mags that won’t give you trouble while loading or reliably feeding ammo into your 10/22. The .22 LR caliber can be finicky enough – don’t lose time scratching your head if it was the ammo or a cheap aftermarket magazine.

While we’ll go into greater detail in each section, here are my favorites:

  1. Simple factory magazine – Ruger BX-1 10-round
  2. Extended factory magazine – Ruger BX-25 25-round
  3. Drum magazine – GSG Ruger 10/22 .22 LR 110-round

Ruger 10/22 with BX-1 magazines in stock

Ruger 10/22 with BX-1 magazines in stock

#1: Ruger BX-1 10-Round Magazine

The classic is one of the best options. The 10-round BX-1 is the magazine that Ruger ships with the 10/22 rifle, and it’s still one of the best choices out there.

Ruger BX-1 10-round magazine

Ruger BX-1 10-round magazine

The magazine is rugged, well-made, and supremely reliable. You’ll want to have a bunch of these loaded and ready to go in your range bag when you head out. Enjoy bulk savings with a BX-1 3-pack!

Looking for a 10-round magazine for your left-handed Ruger 10/22 rifle? Try the LX-1 magazine.

#2: Ruger BX-25 25-Round Magazine

The only downside to the BX-1 is that it only holds 10 rounds. If you want more trigger time between reloads, the Ruger BX-25 is definitely one of the best 10/22 magazines out there.

Ruger BX-25 25-round magazine

Ruger BX-25 25-round magazine

The banana-shaped BX-25 lets you pack 2.5 times the number of rounds as the traditional BX-1 with the same level of build quality and reliability. Ruger also makes the 15-round BX-15 but if you’re going to go for more rounds in your mags, why stop part way? The BX-25 is the better option.

Maximize savings with a BX-25 2-pack!

#3: GSG 10/22 SR-22 110-Round Rotary Drum Magazine

If 25 rounds just isn’t enough between magazine changes for you, you’ll want to try out the big GSG 110-round drum magazine for the 10/22 rifle. Yes, you’ll spend a little more time loading it, but with that much capacity on board, the GSG drum mag will let you shoot and shoot (and shoot some more) before you run dry. That alone makes it a contender for the best magazine for a Ruger 10/22.

GLOCK magazines

Best GLOCK 19 Magazines [2022 Buyer’s Guide]

It’s no secret that GLOCK is one of the hottest brands on the market.

We saw a record in first-time gun owners in 2020 and 2021 – and you can guess what they bought.

Glock 19 magazine guide

GLOCK 19 Gen4 pistol

The GLOCK 19 is a doublestack 9mm compact pistol. With a 15+1 capacity and resilient performance, this is a great option for home defense and everyday carry (EDC). 

But with hundreds of aftermarket options (and more on the way), it can be tricky figuring out which magazine is best for your G19 pistol. 

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Worry not! We gathered a few of our favorite magazines – let’s hit the ground running.

Please note these magazines will work with any Generation GLOCK 19 pistol.

While we’ll go into greater detail in each section, here are my favorites:

But let’s dig in more and talk about the best magazines for your GLOCK 19!

Best Magazines for the GLOCK 19

1. Home Defense

One of the best parts of owning a 9mm GLOCK is the reliable, extended factory magazines.

You want a 17-round capacity? You can use a G17 17-round magazine.

What about a 24-round capacity? Yep. GLOCK even makes a 33-round “big stick” mag that many AR9/ PCC owners love.

AR9 with GLOCK magazine

AR9 with GLOCK’s 33-round “big stick” magazine

But when it comes down to it, there are two solid options for home defense.

We highly recommend the factory GLOCK 19 15-round Gen 5 magazine – it’s reliable and sits flush in the magwell.

GLOCK factory magazines stacked

GLOCK factory magazines

If you’re looking for an extended magazine, consider the factory GLOCK 24-round stick mag or 33-round big stick mag. Have some extra rounds to keep the bad guys at bay. 

If you’re restricted to a 10-round capacity, we recommend the GLOCK 19 10-round Gen 5 magazine.

GLOCK 19 15-round vs 10-round magazine

GLOCK 19 15-round vs 10-round magazine

2. Everyday Carry

Are you interested in carrying your G19? Many people do, especially when the weather allows for bulkier clothing. 

Glock 19 with holster

Glock 19 Gen3 pistol with loaded magazine and holster

We recommend the factory GLOCK 19 15-round Gen 5 magazine – it’s reliable and won’t poke you in the side. Plus, it features the newest high-vis orange followers.

It’s as simple as that.

3. Range days!

Whether you’re training for everyday carry, the apocalypse, or just blowing off steam, you’ll need some mags.

The range is an excellent setting to test out new firearms, drills, and gear. If it isn’t reliable at the range, count it out.

Don’t let this be you

Nothing can truly replace factory GLOCK mags reliability. At the range, however, you can get some reps in with Magpul PMAG GL9 mags.

Magpul GL9 magazines

Magpul GL9 magazines

Magpul carries several GLOCK PMAGs for the G19, from a 10-round mag to a 50-round drum. Quite the spread.

At the range, we recommend the Magpul PMAG GL9 15-round magazine – it’s lightweight and can take a beating. This will “keep some miles off” your factory GLOCK magazines. 

Looking for extra firepower? Take a look at the new factory GLOCK 9mm 33-round Gen 5 magazine. Spend less time loading and more time shooting. 

SGM Tactical glock magazine

SGM Tactical GLOCK 33-round magazine vs. factory GLOCK 33-round magazine, left and right

Want a budget extended magazine? SGM Tactical provides 9mm, .40 S&W, .45 ACP, and 10mm extended GLOCK magazines – and they’re great.

The Bottom Line

The Glock 19 pistol leads the industry with its superb reliability. Use factory magazines you can trust for home defense and everyday carry, and save the aftermarket mags for the range.